The objective of food contact materials (FCM) or food contact article (FCA) is to package and safeguard food during transportation and storage, to increase shelf life or for branding purposes. It includes all materials and articles intended to come into contact with food. (FCM) can release substances into food and beverages to which the consumer will be exposed to through their diet. These substances can be intentionally added substances (IAS) or non-intentionally added substances (NIAS). Non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) are chemicals that have not been added for a technical reason during the production process. The presence of, possibly toxic, NIAS is often not known by the manufacturer itself.
The packaging is an essential tool utilized by the food business operators to differentiate the products from others. Beyond shelf appeal, packaging also provides protection to the products form physical, chemical, and microbiological hazards. Packaging materials can be a source of chemical contamination and may impact food safety and food quality. Among the different components of packaging material, packaging inks play a vital role as they might hamper product and consumer safety. Each packaging ink is a mixture of different chemicals and some of these chemicals might be harmful while holding the potential to migrate to the foodstuff when getting in contact. In terms of risk, the chemicals could be toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, repro-toxic and even endocrine disruptors. The government has imposed stringent regulations to protect consumers from the harmful effects of printing ink used. Thus, growing stringent regulation to use organic pigments had expected to boost the market growth.